Cronje, J. C., 2020. Towards a New Definition of Blended Learning. The Electronic Journal of e- Learning, 18(2), pp. 114-121. Last consulted on 14/03/2024, available online at 

Strengths and Weaknesses

The strengths and weaknesses of each teaching approach can vary based on factors such as educational goals, learner population, and available resources. It is essential to carefully consider these factors when choosing the most suitable teaching model for a particular context.

Let’s explore the strengths and weaknesses of traditional, online, blended, and hybrid teaching:

StrengthsPersonal Interaction: Direct, face-to-face interaction allows for immediate feedback and a personal connection between teachers and learners.Flexibility: Provides flexibility in terms of time and location, allowing learners to access materials from anywhere.Flexibility and Structure: Combines the flexibility of online learning with the structure of traditional classes.Flexibility with Interaction: Offers flexibility in terms of attendance (in-person or online) while maintaining face-to-face interaction.
Structured Environment: The traditional classroom provides a structured and organised learning environment.Diverse Resources: Can leverage a wide range of digital resources, including multimedia and interactive content.Diverse Learning Opportunities: Integrates a variety of teaching methods, catering to different learning styles.Integrated Learning: Seamlessly integrates online and in-person components to create a cohesive learning experience.
Established Pedagogy: Many educators and learners are familiar with the traditional teaching model.Global Reach: Enables access to education for individuals from different geographic locations.Resource Integration: Allows for the integration of both traditional and digital resources.Adaptability: Allows for adaptation based on evolving circumstances and learner preferences.
WeaknessesLimited Flexibility: Less flexibility in terms of time and location for both teachers and learners.Limited Interaction: Lack of face-to-face interaction may hinder some learners’ learning experiences.Logistical Challenges: Managing both in-person and online components can be logistically challenging for educators.Resource Requirements: Requires sufficient resources for both in-person and online instruction.
Resource Dependence: Relies heavily on physical resources, which may become outdated quickly.Technical Challenges: Dependence on technology may pose challenges for those with limited access to digital devices or a stable internet connection.Technical Issues: Similar to online teaching, technical challenges may arise during the online components of blended learning.Technical Challenges: Similar to online and blended learning, technical issues may arise.
Accessibility Challenges: Learners who are unable to attend in person may face challenges in accessing the education.Isolation: Learners may feel isolated without the physical presence of peers and instructors.Adaptation Period: Both learners and teachers may require time to adapt to the hybrid model.Pedagogical Alignment: Ensuring alignment between online and in-person teaching methods can be challenging.


Each teaching approach comes with its unique set of challenges, and teachers may need to develop strategies and acquire new skills to navigate these challenges effectively. Professional development, ongoing training, and support can play a crucial role in helping teachers overcome these obstacles and thrive in diverse educational settings.

Limited Technological Integration:Challenge: Embracing and integrating technology into the traditional classroom setting may be a hurdle for some teachers.Impact: Teachers may struggle to incorporate digital tools and resources effectively.Technology Dependence:Challenge: Reliance on technology can lead to technical issues, connectivity problems, or digital literacy gaps among learners.Impact: Teachers may spend more time troubleshooting technical problems rather than focusing on instruction.Logistical Coordination:Challenge: Balancing in-person and online components may require meticulous planning and coordination.Impact: Teachers may face challenges in managing different aspects of the blended model effectively.Resource Allocation:Challenge: Balancing resources for both in-person and online components may require careful planning and investment.Impact: Teachers may face challenges if there is an imbalance in resource allocation.
Homogeneous Learning Styles:Challenge: Traditional teaching may not cater to diverse learning styles, potentially leaving some learners at a disadvantage.Impact: Teachers may find it challenging to engage and meet the varied needs of all learners.Limited Face-to-Face Interaction:Challenge: Establishing a personal connection with learners and gauging their understanding can be more challenging in an online environment.Impact: Teachers may find it harder to build rapport and provide immediate feedback.Adaptation to Varied Learning Environments:Challenge: Adapting teaching methods to suit both traditional and online environments may pose a challenge.Impact: Teachers may need to develop diverse instructional strategies and materials.Consistent Pedagogy:Challenge: Maintaining a consistent and cohesive teaching approach across both modalities can be demanding.Impact: Teachers may find it challenging to ensure that the learning experiences are aligned and complementary.
Time Constraints:Challenge: Strict class schedules and limited time for individualised attention may hinder addressing the specific needs of each learner.Impact: Teachers may struggle to provide personalised support and feedback.Isolation and Engagement:Challenge: Keeping learners engaged and motivated in an online setting can be challenging due to the potential for feelings of isolation.Impact: Teachers may need to explore innovative ways to foster a sense of community and participation.Technology Integration:Challenge: Ensuring seamless integration of technology in both settings may require ongoing professional development.Impact: Teachers may encounter difficulties transitioning between traditional and online tools.Flexibility Management:Challenge: Adapting to the varied attendance options (in-person and online) while ensuring consistent instructional quality can be complex.Impact: Teachers may need to be flexible in their teaching methods to accommodate different learner preferences.